John C. Shire, CPA

John C. Shire, CPAJohn is a Director with Redstone Government Consulting, Inc. providing government contract consulting services to our clients primarily related to the DFARS business systems, CAS Disclosure Statements, and DCAA/DCMA compliance preparation, advisory, and defense. Prior to joining Redstone Government Consulting, John served in a number of capacities with DCAA/DCMA for more than 30 years. Upon his retirement, he was based in Texas as an SES-level Corporate Audit Director for DCAA, managing a staff of 300 auditors at one of the largest DOD programs. Professional Experience John began his career in the late 80s working in the Clearwater, FL audit office and over the next three decades he progressed through a number of positions within both DCAA and DCMA with career highlights as DCAA Program Manager at Ft. Belvoir, Chief of Technical Programs Division, Deputy Assistant Director-Policy, Director of the DCMA Cost and Pricing Center, the SES-level Lockheed Martin Corporate Audit Director, and Director of Integrity and Quality Assurance. John’s three decades of experience in performing and leading DCAA auditors and DCMA reviewers provides a wealth of expertise to our clients. John’s role, not only in the performance of audits, but also in the development of audit policy affords him unique insights into the defense of audit findings and the linkage of audit program steps to the underlying regulatory framework. He is an expert in FAR, DFARS, and other agency acquisition regulation, as well as a subject matter expert in the Cost Accounting Standards having reviewed and provided audit feedback on many of the largest and most complex cost accounting practices during his tenure with the DCAA. John’s tenure with DCAA and DCMA came at a critical time during each agency’s history where a number of changes were occurring such as the response to the ICS backlog, development of audit approaches to the DFARS Business Systems and implementation of new audit initiatives as a result of Congressional oversight through the NDAA process. John’s leadership at the DCMA Cost & Pricing center saw oversight of all major DOD pricing actions, leadership of should cost review teams, the Commercial Pricing group and many other areas of strategic value to our clients. His involvement in these and other Agency initiatives is of great value to our clients due to his in depth understanding of DCAA and DCMA’s internal policy directives. Education John holds a Master of Business Administration and a B.A. in Accounting from the University of South Florida. Certifications Certified Information Systems Auditor State of Alabama Certified Public Accountant

Recent Posts

Cost Accounting for The Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP)

If you want to provide cloud-based services to Federal Agencies, you will need to get your service approved through the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) managed by the FedRAMP Program Management Office.

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Topics: Compliant Accounting Infrastructure, DCAA Audit Support, Government Regulations, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS), Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)

Is It Time for the FAR Council to Consider Changing How Contracts are Audited?

Current FAR Requirements

Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) 42.101 provides that normally, “the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) is the responsible Government audit agency.” While DCAA’s website states “DCAA provides audit and financial advisory services to DoD and other federal entities responsible for acquisition and contract administration.” DCAA only has appropriated funds to provide services to the Department of Defense (DoD). All other federal agencies must pay for DCAA services. This can make a decision related to the necessity of an audit service a budget-based decision. Today, DCAA is current on the required incurred cost audits of contractors with DoD contracts, but contractors with mostly National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) contracts are years behind in their required incurred cost audits. If, as the FAR states, “DCAA is the responsible Government audit agency,” why is it not a Federal audit agency (dare we say – FCAA)? This would make things much easier for NASA and other federal agencies that need their contracts audited. However, given that this isn’t the case, DCAA is not the only option for federal agencies. Many agencies other than DoD have contracted with third-party CPA firms to get necessary audits performed.

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Topics: Incurred Cost Proposal Submission (ICP/ICE), DCAA Audit Support, Government Regulations, Grants & Cooperative Agreements (2 CFR 200)

Cost Accounting Standard (CAS) 408 - Accounting for Costs of Compensated Person Absence

Cost Accounting Standard (CAS) 408 was put in place to provide consistency in the measurement and allocation of vacation, sick leave, holiday, and other compensated personal absences. Today, many contractors refer to all paid time off as “PTO.”

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Topics: Compliant Accounting Infrastructure, Contracts & Subcontracts Administration, DCAA Audit Support, Government Regulations, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS)

DCAA Issues Real-Time (Labor & Material) Audit Guidance – Good News or Not so Good News?

On August 9, 2023, DCAA issued guidance to its auditors revising the real-time labor and material testing requirements. DCAA historically referred to these procedures as Mandatory Annual Audit Requirements (MAARs) 6 and 13. DCAA states in its guidance what its auditors need to know is that “[l]abor and material are two of the most significant cost elements billed under government contracts. As such, one of the primary reasons … [DCAA] audit[s] labor and material costs incurred is to determine the accuracy of the charges. The real-time verification of these costs as they are incurred provides valuable confirmation of the accuracy of the charges and can only be accomplished during the accounting period to which they apply.” I cannot really argue with this statement.

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Topics: Compliant Accounting Infrastructure, Small Business Compliance, Contracts & Subcontracts Administration, Government Compliance Training, DCAA Audit Support, Human Resources

What Can We Hope for with the Biden-Harris Better Contracting Initiative?

The FACT SHEET issued by the White House on November 8, 2023 professes the four underlying initiatives “will generate more than an additional 10 billion annually in savings and cost avoidance while improving the performance of Federal contracts.” Seeing as it also states, “[l]ast year alone, the Federal Government purchased $700 billion of goods and services,” – this 1.5% saving would be a good start. So, let’s take a look at these initiatives.

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Topics: Contracts & Subcontracts Administration, Government Regulations, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)

DCAA Finally Takes a Step in the Right Direction with Cost Impact Guidance

The Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) issued a memorandum to its leadership – and ultimately its auditors in the field – addressing a revision to its audit guidance related to the audit of contractor cost impact calculations for unilateral cost accounting practice changes (23-PAC-009(R) Revised Audit Guidance on the Cost Impact Calculation for a Unilateral Cost Accounting Practice Change – dated October 3, 2023). Well, it is about time.

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Topics: Contracts & Subcontracts Administration, Government Regulations, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS)

What Policies and Procedures Should a Government Contractor Have?

If this were only a simple question. The most straightforward answer is that it is a good idea for any company to have policies and procedures. If that company is going to do business with the US Government those policies and procedures are going to have to be expanded as each contract may present additional requirements. To help you understand the complex level of requirements we will address the major business systems and other key areas.

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Topics: Compliant Accounting Infrastructure, Contracts & Subcontracts Administration, DFARS Business Systems, Human Resources, Contractor Purchasing System Review (CPSR), Government Regulations, Government Property Management, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), Material Management and Accounting System (MMAS), Estimating System Compliance

Why are Policies and Procedures so Important in Government Contracting?

Well – besides being the first thing your friendly DCAA auditor will ask you for, they should be something your employees use and rely on daily. The last thing you want is one of your employees telling an auditor they have never seen or read the company’s policies and procedures. The joy that will come across the auditor’s face will be truly shocking – and – the sadness that will come across your face when the Business System Deficiency Reports start to arrive, requiring endless responses and corrective action plans, will be just as shocking. This fairytale has no happy ending, at least not for you and your company – just a drain on your resources and more audit oversight.

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Topics: Contracts & Subcontracts Administration, Government Regulations, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)

Interest is Unallowable – How is That Possible?

FAR 31.205-20 provides that interest is unallowable on Federal Government contracts, no matter how it is calculated or presented in your financial books and records. This means you cannot propose, bill, or claim your interest expense.

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Topics: Compliant Accounting Infrastructure, DCAA Audit Support, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS), Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)

Yet Another Potential Government Shutdown – Say It Ain’t So

As the Government approaches yet another potential shutdown, we wanted to bring our reader’s attention to the information we have previously provided on this topic and some just-in-case planning suggestions. While unfortunate, the shutdown battles have become a perennial occurrence for most of the last two decades. We began writing on the topic prior to 2010, and our blog archives go back to 2012. The advice from these older blogs is just as relevant to contractors now as when initially published. Below are a few blogs we’ve published on the government shutdown topic:

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Topics: Government Shutdown, Contracts & Subcontracts Administration