FASB 842 Lease Accounting – What is the Impact on Government Cost Accounting?

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Topic 842, Leases, in February 2016 effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. The change was “to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.” For the past 40 years or so, operating leases were only required to be presented in the disclosure and were off-balance sheet transactions. Other than the new asset (Right to Use asset) and a related liability on the balance sheet, the impact on the income statement (a single line item for lease expense) and cash flow are unchanged, at least under GAAP. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) now requires all leases be treated similar to capital leases (Topic 842 calls these finance leases). So, under IFRS there will be more unallowable interest to properly account for on Government proposals and contracts incorporating FAR Part 31.

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Topics: Non-US government contractor, Cost and Pricing and Budgeting, Contracts Administration, Cost-Type Contracts, Accounting & Billing System, DOD Contractors, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS)

Is Six Months Best for Incurred Cost Proposals, A New Game is Afoot

As we wrap up another hectic year of working with contractors to prepare, review and submit their Incurred Cost Proposals, it had us questioning…“Why do so many contractors wait until the last minute of their deadline to submit? Is there an advantage to submitting at the last minute or is submitting at the last minute actually a disadvantage?”

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Topics: Incurred Cost Submission, Contracts Administration, Defense Contractors, Incurred Cost Proposals, Cost-Type Contracts, FAR

CARES Act Section 3610, DPC DFARS Class Deviation and Guidance

On August 17, 2020; Acting Principal Director for Defense Pricing and Contracting issued two memos providing guidance in support of DFARS Class Deviation 2020-O0013 and 2020-O0021 – CARES Act Section 3610 Implementation. There is also a memo providing contracting officers with a template for a Memorandum for Record to document the file for the issuance of the Section 3610 related contract modification.

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Topics: Contracts Administration, Defense Contractors, Cost-Type Contracts, DCAA Audit Support, DPAP, Accounting & Billing System, DOD Contractors, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS), COVID-19

DCAA COVID-19 Guidance – Still in a Wait and See, Holding Pattern

We Lifted the Vail

A few months back we submitted a request to DCAA under Freedom of Information Act. Based on the DPC guidance referencing both DCAA and DCMA as playing a key role in support of the rest of the DoD Acquisition Community, we expected DCAA would have a significant number of documents disclosing this key role. Turns out, not so much. All we got was a single document listing 13 frequently asked questions (FAQs) DCAA has been fielding from their auditors, dated July 31, 2020.

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Topics: Cost and Pricing and Budgeting, Contracts Administration, Defense Contractors, Cost-Type Contracts, DCAA Audit Support, DPAP, DOD Contractors, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS), COVID-19

Deltek Costpoint 8 is Coming: 5 Things You Need to Know

5 Things You Need to Know Before Your Update

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Topics: Business Systems Review, Cost and Pricing and Budgeting, Defense Contractors, Cost-Type Contracts, DCAA Audit Support, FAR, Accounting & Billing System, DOD Contractors, Cost Accounting Standards (CAS)

Sole Source and Single Source Justifications

While the government promotes full and open competition, and competition is the preferred method of subcontracting, there are situations where the contractor uses a “sole source” or a “single source” when awarding a subcontract/Purchase Order (PO). There is a difference between a sole source and a single source award.

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Topics: Cost-Type Contracts, Contractor Purchasing System Review (CPSR)

Provisional Billing Rates – Part II

You now understand a little bit more about provisional billing rates from our first of this two-part series. In this second part of our coverage of provisional billing rates, we delve a little deeper into the purpose behind provisional billing rates as well as how to prepare them and the differences between provisional billing rates and proposal bid rates. Knowing these details will enable you to prepare an accurate DCAA submission.

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Topics: Cost-Type Contracts, DCAA Audit Support, Accounting & Billing System

Provisional Billing Rates – Part I

For our 12/31 year-end contractors, this is a busy time of year.  Year-end books are ending and 2019 budgets are being formed.  This is also the time of year for submitting provisional billing rates or PBRs for contractors that have cost reimbursable type contracts such as cost-type and time and material contracts. 

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Topics: Cost-Type Contracts, DCAA Audit Support, Accounting & Billing System

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for Small Business Government Contractors

Key Performance Indicators are “Measures that help decision makers define and measure progress toward business goals. KPI metrics translate complex measures into a simple indicator that allows decision makers to assess the current situation and act quickly.” – KAIZEN Analytics All businesses, regardless of size, should to be able to understand and identify their Key Performance Indicators. KPIs can be used at all levels of an organization, ranging from the CEO to the project manager. The CEO focuses on the overall performance or health of the company, while the program or project manager may focus on single programs, tasks within a program, or a group of programs.

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Topics: Small Business Compliance, Contracts Administration, Cost-Type Contracts

Subcontract Disputes on Cost Type Government Contracts

Although many of us think of contract disputes as those involving a prime contractor and a U.S. Government agency, subcontracts can also trigger differences of subcontract interpretation between the prime and subcontractor. In Civil Action No. 1:16-cv-215, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia decided a diversity breach of contract case between government contractors (the contractor and subcontractor names are a matter of public record, thus disclosure). Fluor (the subcontractor) contended that they did not agree to a 2.3% cap to their G&A on a proposal effort with the United States Air Force. Their proposal, as a subcontract to their prime contractor, PAE, was ultimately selected for the award, at which time, a subcontract agreement was executed and the two parties began their respective performance on the contract. The specific language of that subcontract agreement is the heart of this case (differentiated from a dispute over the regulatory language contained in a subcontract flow-down).

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Topics: Small Business Compliance, Contracts Administration, Cost-Type Contracts